Tomatoes "Sanka": characteristics, agricultural cultivation
One of the attributes of the summer table is fresh vegetables, and one of the most iconic of them is a tomato. Breeders made numerous attempts to breed varieties that ripen very quickly, and their work was successful. This success is expressed in the variety called Sanka, which we will consider today in our material.
The Sanka tomato variety belongs to early ripening, the first fruits of which appear 85 days after planting, in some cases after 65 days. In height, the bushes reach 50 cm, on one brush grows up to 6 fruits. On average, the weight of the fetus is about 100 g, less often - 150 g. Their color is bright red, there is no spot in the area of the stalk.
Did you know? The word “tomato” comes from the Italian language, where it means “golden apple” (pomo d’oro).
Advantages and disadvantages
- The advantages of the Sanka variety include:
- high productivity - from 13 to 15 kg per 1 sq. km. m;
- lack of need to tie up bushes and remove excess stepchildren;
- resistance to various climatic conditions;
- high immunity.
Tomatoes Sanka can be elementary grown in the garden, because they do not require special skills and equipment.
Seeds should be selected in advance, harvesting them in the fall. The largest fruits are selected from each bush, after which they are placed for a period of 7 to 14 days for ripening in a warm and dry place. After this period, the seeds are squeezed out of the tomatoes and placed for 3-4 days in a jar for fermentation, after which they are washed several times with water, dried and packaged in bags.
When choosing a planting time, the time required for seedlings for full development is taken into account - 50 days. In the greenhouse, planting is carried out in the second half of March, in the ground - from the first half of April.
When preparing the soil, the use of three components in equal proportions is required: turf, sand and peat. Alternatively, you can make soil from peat, sawdust and humus in a ratio of 3: 1: 1.
Three weeks before planting, the soil is steamed and calcined.
Capacity for growing
Almost any capacity of small size can be used to grow seedlings. The most common are boxes, disposable glasses and pots. At the first stage, the seeds are planted in boxes, since this method allows you to save space and place a large number of seeds in one area. Then, at the first pick, the seedlings are planted in separate cups or pots, so that each plant has enough space for growth.
Did you know? Tomatoes in large quantities contain the hormone serotonin, so they can be used to combat stress.
Before sowing seeds, special treatment is required. To this end, they are placed in a solution of potassium permanganate. Some seeds may float - they will not be able to give life to the plant, so they must be removed. In the solution, the seeds last for 15 minutes, after which they are washed with warm water several times and are ready for sowing.
Sowing is done in small pits from 1.5 to 2 cm in depth. The distance between them when landing in boxes should be at least 1 cm. Above the pits are sprinkled with earth, and the boxes are covered with a film to maintain the required temperature regime.
The resulting crops, as indicated above, are wrapped with a film to maintain the optimum temperature, which should not exceed +25 ° C.They should be located in the most illuminated place, but in such a way as to exclude direct sunlight. Daylight hours should not exceed 8 hours. When the first leaves appear, the plants dive into individual pots or glasses. In the first week, the room temperature should be increased to +27 ° C, after which it can be lowered to +25 ° C. Once a week seedlings are required watering, carried out as the topsoil is dried. Two weeks after the picking, top dressing is performed. A mixture of water with bird droppings in a ratio of 20: 1 is suitable as a fertilizer.
Hardening should start on the second or fourth day after planting seedlings, depending on how fast it grows. Its essence is to prepare the plant for life in the soil under temperature extremes. For this purpose, during the day, the temperature in the room with seedlings is maintained at +25 ° C, and by night it drops to +16 ° C. It is important that the temperature drop is gradual, otherwise future plants may get frostbite and die.
Important! As a measure of hardening, some summer residents take containers with seedlings to the street during the day, and again bring them into the house or barn in the evening.
Planting seedlings in a permanent place
As already mentioned, when changing to a permanent place, a period of 50 days is taken into account. Thus, planted, for example, on March 20, the seeds are transplanted into the soil on May 10. But if night frosts continue at this point, the transplant should be delayed until they are over. The day before the transplant, the seedlings are put out for 24 hours. Landing is carried out at the rate of 4-5 plants per 1 sq. m. Fertilizers are also used, mainly bird droppings with water.
Features of outdoor cultivation
Once in the ground, tomatoes begin a new phase of life. Its course is very different from the living conditions of seedlings, and therefore, to preserve the plant, it is important to know all the nuances of its content.
Watering should be done so that the soil is evenly moistened. The use of cold water is contraindicated and it is undesirable to get it on the leaves and fruits of the plant. Although Sanka loves water, excessive watering can lead to dampness and late blight.
Feeding should be done twice. The first time it is carried out when a plant is transplanted into the ground so that the tomatoes can adapt to new conditions faster, and the second time in mid-summer to support plant health. It is advisable to use organic fertilizers, since all the substances obtained by the plant from fertilizers accumulate in the fruits, and therefore chemical fertilizers can cause poisoning or a source of harm to the body in the future.
As mentioned above, pinching tomatoes Sanka is not required.
The main measure for soil care should be the regular weeding of weeds, since they have an extremely negative effect on the growth of tomatoes. To preserve heat in the soil, its saturation with oxygen and protection from pests, mulching is used, which consists in covering the earth around the stem with leaves or needles of conifers. If mulching is not possible, loosening the topsoil is suitable. Hilling is done at the first sign of root system development - tubercles appear at the base of the stem. They are sprinkled with earth, which in the process loosens up a bit.
Important! Although Sanka's tomatoes have high cold resistance, you should not rely on it too much and not allow the temperature to be violated, as this can reduce the plant's immunity.
Due to the small height of an adult plant, these tomatoes do not need to be tied.
To prevent diseases and pests, several drops of a potassium permanganate solution are added to the water when watering once every 2 weeks, and the soil surrounding the stems is sprinkled with ash. For the processing of young seedlings, grated chalk or activated carbon is used.
If signs of plant disease are visible, watering is immediately minimized, and the plant is treated with tinctures containing yarrow, mustard powder and wormwood. In addition, once every 5 days, the plant is washed with a soap solution.
Video: Tomato Sanka
Tomatoes of the Sanka variety will become the pride of even a novice summer resident. Their ability to grow in almost any environment greatly simplifies their care, and early ripening will allow them to enjoy the taste of these tomatoes earlier than others.